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History

MYTHICAL ORIGIN


     

     The history of Hinatuan in the annals of historical heritage can be traced back from the time of the Spaniards in this part of Mindanao. The intermingling of tribes such as the Manobos, the Mansakas, the Subanons and the Mandayas through the assimilation and amalgamation leads to the final unification of a group of people who settled on the old town site known as Da-an Lungsod. Being the first and the earliest settlement, it was later identified as part of the province of Caraga under the administration of the politico-militar of Encomienda Bislig.Later on, Hinatuan was created as Spanish Pueblo and Bislig was annexed as “barrio” to it in 1904 and Soriano in 1959.The town comprises Bislig,Lingig and Tagbina.Record shows that Francisca Rafaela aged 18 and Maria Francisca aged 22 were the first Hinatuanon to have been baptized sometimes in 1774. In 1800, Maria Lolitana was baptized at the age of 6 years the last known oldest records in the history of Pueblo Hinatuan.

     

     The name Hinatuan, originally derived from the word “Hato” and later called “Hatudan”. This was handed down from generation to generation through oral version. These words have two versions- “Hato” in the native dialect simply connotes a method of preserving fish, the place being abundantly noted for fish. In fact, fishing is the major occupation of the inhabitants. To denote a place, a suffix “an” was added to “Hato” to become “Hatuan” meaning a palce where to preserve fish.


     In 1856, the town was transferred to its present site, formerly known as “Hinatudan” now known as Hinatuan as ordered by the higher Spanish authorities. A political government was set up with Raymundo Bandola, the first captain known as defender of the town against Moro piracy. He was followed by Capitanes Edobigito Lindo, Atanacio de Castro, Tomas Luna,Fernando Nazarenoand, Teodoro Villaluz. Eugenio Villaluz was accredited as the last capitan under the Spanish regime, the first and last captain under the First Philippine Republic, and the first presidential appointee under the American regime. These mentioned capitanes contributed much to the building of the physical set up of the town.


     The appointed presidents following Eugenio Villaluz were: Mariano Verano, Pablo Evangelio, Nicomedes Villaluz and Ex-Captain Fernando Nazareno. Domingo Balbuena was the first president-elect followed by Florencio Villaluz, Victoriano Evangelio, Modesto Raura and Damian Siano. Again, these town executives were responsible for the expansion of the town to a larger area as well as the construction of more permanent projects. During the Commonwealth period or before the Second World War broke out, Ex-President Nicomedes Villaluz was elected followed by Gregorio Luna, Sr. and finally by Candido Viola.


     World War II broke out. A few months later, a strong typhoon hit Hinatuan. Heavy damages inflected to both private and public properties especially the buildings, coconut plantations and other potential crops, forest reserves and machineries and equipment of the Portlamon Lumber Company. Guerilla activities then sprung up to lessen the influence and strength of the Japanese forces and to prepare the people for liberation of the country by the allied forces.


     After the war, Elpedio Chavez was appointed mayor of the town. He was followed later by the first-elect Mayor Tito Cañedo, Sr., under the Republic of the Philippines. He helped much in the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the town. He was followed by Mayor Joaquin Villaluz, Segundo Cuyno, Sr., Candelario Viola, Sr., and Jose O. Pepino, Sr., the mayor under the Martial Law period, Atty. Candelario J. Viola, Jr., Cristina M. Camba, and again Atty. Candelario J. Viola, Jr.,Dr. Alicia V. Momongan and now Atty.Candelario J. Viola, Jr.


Administrators from its foundation in 1851 to the present:

  

Terms

Name

Title

Status

1851-1855

Raymundo Bandola

Village Leader

Appointed

1856-1863

Raymundo Bandola

PoliticoMilitar-Capitan

Appointed

1864-1871

Edobigito Lindo

Capitan

Appointed

1872-1877

Atanacio de Castro

Capitan

Appointed

1878-1885

Don Tomas Luna

Capitan

Appointed

1886-1896

Don Fernando Nazareno

Capitan

Appointed

1897-1898

Teodoro Villaluz

Capitan

Appointed

1898-1899

Eugenio Villaluz

Alcalde Mayor

Appointed

1900-1901

Eugenio Villaluz

President

Appointed

1902-1904

Mariano Verano

President

Appointed

1905-1907

Pablo Evangelio

President

Appointed

1908-1909

Nicomedes Villaluz

President

Appointed

1910-1912

Fernando Nazareno

President

Appointed

1913-1915

Domingo Balbuena

1st President Elect

Elected

1916-1918

Florencio Villaluz

President

Elected

1919-1921

Antonio Pecasales

President

Elected

1922-1924

Victoriano Evangelio

President

Elected

1925-1930

Modesto Raura (2 terms)

President

 

1931-1933

Damian Siano

President

Elected

1934-1936

Nicomedes Villaluz

President

Elected

1937-1939

Gregorio Luna, Sr.

President

Elected

1940-1943

Candido Viola

President

Elected

1943-Oct.’44

No Administrator

 

 

Oct.’44-May’45

Nemecio Camba

Military Mayor

Appointed

June’45-Dec.’46

Elpedio Chavez

Mayor

Appointed

Jan.’47-Dec.’47

Odon Declaro

Mayor

Appointed

1948-1955

Tito B. Cañedo, Sr.

Mayor (1st Mayor, RP)

Elected

1956-1959

Joaquin A. Villaluz

Mayor

Elected

1960-1963

Segundo Cuyno, Sr.

Mayor

Elected

1964-1971

Candelario L. Viola, Sr.

Mayor (2 terms)

Elected

1972-1980

Jose K. Pepino, Sr.

Mayor

Elected

Feb.’80-Feb.’86

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Elected

Mar.’86-Nov.’87

Cristina M. Camba

Mayor

Appointed

Dec.’87-Feb.’88

Romarito G. Millan

Mayor

Appointed

Feb.9’88-June’92

Cristina M. Camba

Mayor

Elected

July’92-June’95

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Elected

1995-1998

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Re-Elected

July’98-Sept.’98

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Re-Elected

Sept.22’98- Dec.20’98

Jackson T. Lim

Acting Mayor

Appointed

Jan.’99-June’2001

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Re- Installed

July 2001-June 2004

Alicia V. Momongan

Mayor

Elected

July 2005-June 2007

Alicia V. Momongan

Mayor

Re-Elected

July 2007 to date

Candelario J. Viola, Jr.

Mayor

Elected








Chapter II


GEO-PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT




2.1       GEORAPHICAL LOCATION


     The municipality of Hinatuan is located in the north-eastern part of Mindanao Island facing the Pacific Ocean. It lies within 126° 11” longitude and 8° to 8° 20” latitude. It is bounded in the East by Pacific Ocean, West by the Municipality of Tagbina, North by the Municipality of Barobo and in the South by the City of Bislig. It is under Region XIII of the political subdivision of the country. Hinatuan is approximately 254 kilometers from the Regional Center passing the existing national and 168 kilometers from the capital town of Tandag.


     The total land area of Hinatuan is 423.57 square kilometers (42,357 hectares), 54.47% are classified as alienable and disposable lands, 36.79% are classified as forest land and the rest are classified as built-up area, open grass land, fishpond area and open water space which constitute 8.74 percent of the total land area.


     The municipality is composed of 24 barangays including the four zones in the poblacion. Located in the eastern part of the municipality are the coastal barangays of Baculin, Harip, Campa, Portlamon, Cambatong, Talisay, San Juan, Tidman, Loyola, Lacasa, Aquino and Sto. Niño. On the northern part of Hinatuan River are barangay Pocto, Dugmanon, and Tiwi. On the southern part of Hinatuan River are barangay Roxas, Pagtiguian (Bitoon) and Maligaya. In the northern part of Tarusan-Tagasaka River are Tagbobonga and Sasa. While on the southern portion are barangay Tagasaka and Tarusan. Bigaan is located on the northern part of Bigaan River.


     The municipality falls under type II climate, which is characterized by short dry season with very pronounced rain period from October to March. The wet periods are the months of December and January and the dry periods are the months of July, August and September.



2.2       TOPOGRAPHY


     The topography of the municipality is characterized by extensive mountain ranges with uneven distribution of plateaus, swamps and low lands. The terrain and slope was classified into various areas, an area of 1,704 hectares constitute 0-3 percent slope, 15,136 hectares to 3-8 percent slope, 19,132.80 hectares to 8-15 percent slope, 4,940.20 hectares to 15-30 percent slope, 844 hectares to 30-50 percent slope and 600 hectares to 50 percent and above slope. Major mountain ranges are located within the boundary of Tidman and Bigaan; Maligaya and Tagbobonga; Roxas and Pocto; Cambatong and Portlamon; and Campa – Harip and Baculin with an elevation of 100 meters and above.



2.3       GEOLOGY


2.3.1    ROCK FORMATION


     The eastern portion of the municipality is made of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks mostly Oligocene-Miocene. It consists of conglomerate sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and thick reef limestone at upper horizon. Limestone contains larger forams and corals associated with basaltflows pyroclastics and coal. While the western portion of the municipality is also made of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks mostly Pilocene – Pleistocene meaning all limestone. Oligocene-Miocene formation is located along the eastern part of barangay Tidman, Loyola, Lacasa, Sasa, Bitoon, Maharlika, Aquino, Sto. Niño, Tiwi, San Juan and Talisay. Pilocene-Pleistocene formation is located at the western portion Hinatuan such as barangay Tagasaka. Tarusan, Maligaya, Tagbobonga, Roxas, Pocto, Dugmanon, western part of Tidman, Loyola, Sasa, Bitoon, Tiwi, San Juan and Talisay. The northern part of the municipality is also made of Pilocene-Pleistocene (limestone) like barangay Baculin, Harip, Campa, Portlamon and Cambatong


2.3.2    LANDFORMS


     The coastal land consists of active tidal flats that is characterized by the presence of mangroves both palm (nipa) and tree (bakawan and other species) as well as fish ponds. Coastal landforms also consist of beach ridges and swales. The coastal barangays are Baculin. Harip, Campa, Portlamon, Cambatong, Talisay, San Juan, Tiwi, Sto. Niño, Aquino, Lacasa, Loyola and Tidman.


     Broad alluvial valley are located at part of Bigaan, Tagasaka,Talisay,Pocto and Roxas.


Karst plains are located at barangay San Juan, Sto. Niño, Aquino, Lacasa, Maharlika, Sasa, Loyola, Tidman, Bigaan and Tarusan.


     Rolling and mountainous areas are located at Baculin, Harip, Campa, Portlamon, Cambatong, Talisay, Tiwi, Dugmanon, Pocto, Roxas, Bitoon, Maligaya, Tagbobonga, Bigaan, Tidman, Tarusan, Tagasaka and Sasa.

Meta sedimentary hills and high relief are located part of Baculin,Roxas and Bigaan


2.3.3    SOILS


     In general, the municipality has three (3) types of soil namely: Bolinao Clay Loam which is about 36,808.22 hectares or 86.9% of the total area; Hydrosol covers about 3,558 hectares or 8.4 % and mountain soil (undifferentiated) which is about 1,990.78 hectares or 4.7% to the total land area.


2.3.4    LAND CAPABILITY CLASSES


     Until this time the soils of Hinatuan is not yet rated by the BSWM. It is our desire to have our soils rated and classified according to each land capability class. We want to know what types of crops are really suited in specific area we want to develop. This will guide us as to what type of crops we will be producing here in Hinatuan. Land classification work entails so much amount therefore it take time for the LGU to have our soils rated.


     We have classified our soils according to its limitations, 45.412% are classified as shallow soils, 4.976% have moderate erosion,0.622% are slope shallow soil, 14.307% moderate erosion-shallow soil,1.555% severe erosion- shallow soil, 5.909% flooding drainage and 27.716% have no limitation.